Food security and Global demand for food, especially agricultural commodities are projected to grow in the future, driven primarily by demand from developing countries. Therefore, at present, there will be a great need for investment in the field of agriculture in a more efficient and effective food supply than before. However, due to increasing competition for land and water, declining production and productivity of food crops, and ongoing and emerging challenges from climate change, achieving foodsecurity will be more difficult than previously thought. Therefore, to deal with these problems, our governments should take strict steps so that the problems coming in the future can be dealt with. Therefore, looking at these problems, today’s article is based on the Policy for sustainable food security.
Food security in a population refers to everyone’s continued access to enough food to meet their nutritional needs and lead an active, healthy life. There are three major determinants of Foodsecurity: availability (enough suitable food is readily available), access (enough money is available or other resources available to obtain food), and utilization (the ability to consume and absorb and use adequate dietary nutrients). Foodsecurity is not a new problem; rather, it has been around for several thousand years, as evidenced by the fact that the governments of ancient China and Egypt stored grain and used it during times of famine. Food security has become a major problem in the present times. Therefore, to deal with these problems, governments should make a good policy that protects FoodSecurity.
Effect of climate change on food security
Climate change is considered a major factor affecting food security at the global, regional and local levels. Researchers say that climate change disrupts food availability, reduces access to food and affects food quality. We can understand this through an example, such as – agricultural productivity being affected due to irregular fluctuations in temperature, untimely rainfall, change in weather events and lack of water availability. So we can say that climate change affects FoodSecurity directly and indirectly.
Policy for sustainable food security
The basic policy for the achievement of sustainable food security is to utilize domestic resources optimally. To achieve this government has to provide incentives to produce; enhance research activities; innovate in technologies; disseminate technologies among smallholder farmers; maintain the stability of staples food supplies and prices and food safety. The modernized processing industry also can play a role to provide a greater degree of foodsecurity as well as access to the export market.
Measures to realize the target of sustainable food security:
- Adoption of a multi-sector approach to assuage the constraints which are affecting poor women and other vulnerable groups to food security.
- For sustainable food security, it is important to expand partnerships and collaboration with various organizations and bodies, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Food Programme, international, regional, and national agricultural research institutions, civil society organizations, and the private sector.
- Promoting the Diversification of the Food System
- Linking Farmers to Modern Fresh Food Value Chains
- Reducing the effects of climate change
- Agricultural Research and Development to improve food security and nutrition
Food security and healthy eating have become a huge issue in today’s society that humanity is currently facing. All this is happening due to changes in climate. Which is becoming a threat to livelihood day by day. Therefore, in view of all this, it is necessary to enhance the governance of food systems, promote inclusive and responsible investment in agriculture and rural areas, create awareness in health and education, empower small producers, use social protection measures to reduce risk, expansion etc. have all become very necessary to ensure food security.
Department of Aquaculture, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, India.
Mayank Bhushan Singh
Department of Aquaculture, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya, UP, India.
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