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Role of Home Science Extension in Education

Home Science as a field of study is vital to the advancement of society. There are many benefits to pursuing a home science education in agriculture. For one, students will develop a strong understanding of the scientific principles that underpin agricultural production. This knowledge can be applied in a number of ways from improving crop yields to developing new methods of pest control.

Home science education can help students to develop essential skills such as problem-solving and critical thinking, which will be invaluable in any future career. Of course, Home science education is not just for those interested in a career in agriculture. The knowledge and skills gained through this type of education can be applied to a wide range of fields, including food science, environmental science and even marketing and business. No matter what your eventual career goals may be a Homescience education in agriculture is sure to give you a solid foundation on which to build your future.

Objectives of Extension in Home Sciences

The primary objective of extension is the ‘Development of the people’ or ‘The Destination man’. The following extension’s goals include:

  1. To help individuals identify and assess their issues and their felt and unfelt needs.
  2. To encourage people to take the initiative and aid them in forming groups to address challenges.
  3. To spread knowledge based on study and real-world experience in a way that will be accepted and implemented by the public.
  4. To occasionally tell the research team about people’s issues so they can provide solutions based on the essential investigation.

Role of Home Science

  • Integrating Home Science at a fundamental level: The fundamental level refers to individuals, families and informal groups of the target population. A linking mechanism can be built and strengthened through home science extension to spread technologies to improve quality of life.
  • The optimal method for learning about home science: The knowledge base of various domains, such as foods and nutrition, human development, clothes and textiles, and resource management, can be processed best through home science extension, and this package of information and skill can be distributed to underprivileged families.
  • Knowledge transfer in home science at grass root levels: The extension strategies, dissemination methodologies, and communication tools greatly aid the transfer of diverse technologies to all stakeholders.
  • Sustaining the dissemination of knowledge: The process of knowledge transfer is ongoing. There are many needs in families, communities, and individuals. One need is triggered by another when one is met, so meeting needs is a continual process. Agents of home science extension should act as a conveyor belt for the constant flow of knowledge and technology to rural people.
  • Monitoring and assessing the transfer of knowledge and technology: Continuously monitoring the transfer of knowledge and technology for acceptance is difficult. Monitoring mainly focuses on management approaches, whereas evaluation is an action-oriented procedure for obtaining data on an activity’s impact for a thorough, objective review. Therefore, home science is essential in maintaining rural families’ living standards.


Women are recognized as valuable resources in home science extension education because they have unique interests, attitudes, abilities, knowledge bases, and limits. It tries to make use of our capacity for problem-solving through decision-making and understanding. Through service, education, and extension work, Homescience professionals assist people in exploring potential solutions to problems. It is up to the populace to choose the approaches to address their issues and take the necessary steps.  Extension education programs can cover a wide range of topics, including crop production, livestock management, soil science, water conservation, pest management, farm finance and farm marketing. Extension educators also provide leadership development opportunities for farmers and other agricultural professionals.

Home Science Extension And Communication Management
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar

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