You are currently viewing Farming States in the United States of America | Complete Overview

Farming States in the United States of America | Complete Overview

Farming States of the United States of America have a diverse agricultural landscape with each producing a unique combination of crops. The United States of America is an agricultural powerhouse in the world. From the corn of Iowa to the rice of Arkansas, the US has a variety of crops being cultivated and harvested.  California is the leading producer of fruits and vegetables followed by Florida and Washington. Many Midwestern states produce large amounts of corn and soybeans, while Texas is the top producer of cotton. Other important crops include wheat, hay, sorghum, oats, and potatoes.

New York and Pennsylvania are the leading producers of dairy products, while other states, such as Wisconsin and Iowa, are also significant contributors. Other significant agricultural products include tobacco, rice, and peanuts, which are primarily grown in the South. In the West, states such as California and Wyoming are major producers of beef and sheep, while fish and shellfish are produced in states such as Alaska and Massachusetts.

Let us take a deep look at the farming states of the US and the various crops produced by them.

Major Farming States Contributing to the USA

The United States is a major agricultural powerhouse, producing a wide variety of crops. The top agrarian states are discussed below

  • California is the biggest farming state in the US, producing more than 400 different crops, including fruits, vegetables, nuts, and dairy products. It is one of the most significant parts of the US agricultural industry, contributing over $50 billion to the national economy each year. The main Crops include oranges, avocados, strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, and broccoli. The state is also a major producer of nuts, such as almonds and pistachios. California is the top producer of wine grapes in the U.S.
  • Iowa is another major farming state, producing many grains, particularly corn and soybeans. It is the largest producer of soybeans in the US and one of the leading producers of corn. Iowa also produces eggs and dairy products. Iowa is the leading producer of corn, soybeans, and eggs in the country. It is also a major producer of beef and dairy products.
  • Texas is the leading producer of cotton and cattle in the US, with over three million cattle and over 11 million acres of cotton production. It is also one of the leading producers of sorghum, hay, wheat, and peanuts. The state is also a major producer of beef, dairy, and poultry products.
  • Nebraska is home to some of the most productive land in the US. It is a major producer of corn, soybeans and wheat. It also produces hay, grain sorghum, and sunflowers.
  • Minnesota is a major producer of corn, soybeans, sugar beets, and wheat. The state is also a major producer of hogs, turkeys, and dairy products.
  • Illinois “land of Lincoln” and a major agricultural state. It is a major producer of corn and soybeans, as well as oats, rye, hay, and barley. It also produces fruits and vegetables, as well as livestock such as beef, dairy, and poultry.
  • Kansas is a major producer of wheat, sorghum, and hay. Kansas is the leader in wheat production in the US, producing 20.1% of the nation’s wheat crop. Other States that contribute are North Dakota (17.2%), Montana (10.8%), Washington (6.7%), and Oklahoma (4.9%).
  • North Carolina is a major producer of hogs, turkeys, and chicken. The state also produces sweet potatoes, tobacco, and peanuts.

Farming States by Crops

There are varieties of crops produced in the various states of the USA


Iowa is the leader in corn production in the US, producing 18.6% of the nation’s corn crop. Illinois (14.2%), Nebraska (13.2%), Minnesota (10.8%), and Indiana (9.7%) are contributing to the nation’s maize crop production.


Illinois is the leader in soybean production in the US, producing 14.3% of the nation’s soybean crop. Iowa (13.9%), Minnesota (10.3%), Indiana (9.7%), and Nebraska (8.1%) are contributing to Soybean Production.


The United States is one of the leading agricultural nations in the world, with some of its states being major agricultural producers. The five major farming states in the US are California, Iowa, Texas, Nebraska, and Illinois.


Texas is the leader in cotton production in the US, producing 38.3% of the nation’s cotton crop. cotton crop contribution by Georgia (16.1%), Mississippi (9.7%), North Carolina (7.2%), and Arkansas (5.5%) played an important role to meet the national production of Cotton.


Arkansas is the leader in rice production in the US, producing 28.5% of the nation’s rice crop. It is followed by California (21.3%), Louisiana (13.3%), Mississippi (8.2%), and Texas (7.1%). Rice is used to make various types of food and is also used as feed for livestock.

What is the best Farming state to be a farmer in the USA?

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the best state in the nation for farmers in Montana. This western state offers several distinct advantages for those who choose to pursue a career in agriculture. Montana has an abundance of fertile land and ample water resources. The state’s vast plains and rolling hills make it ideal for crop production and grazing land for livestock. Furthermore, Montana’s climate is varied, offering something for every type of crop. This makes it easy for farmers to rotate their crops with the changing seasons. Additionally, the cost of living in Montana is relatively low, making it easier to start and maintain a farm. And with a population of only 1 million, it is easier to find the perfect rural location. For these reasons and more, Montana is the number one state for farming in America.

In what state do farmers make the most money?

Farmers in the United States generate the most revenue from sales of crops, livestock and other agricultural products. According to USDA Economic Research Service data, the states with the highest agricultural cash receipts in 2018 were California, Texas, Iowa, Nebraska and Illinois. California had the highest agricultural cash receipts in the country, generating over $50 billion in 2018. Texas contributed nearly $25 billion and Iowa with nearly $23 billion.

These states are major agricultural producers and benefit from a variety of factors such as favourable climates, irrigation systems, and access to markets. Farmers in these states have a greater chance of making a profit from their agricultural endeavours than those in other areas of the country.

Which Farming state in the US has the most farmers?

According to the US Department of Agriculture, the state with the most farmers in the United States is Texas. As of 2019, Texas had more than 250,000 farms, which is more than double the number of farms in any other state. These farms cover over 131 million acres of land and are responsible for producing and supplying a wide variety of products, including livestock, dairy products, cotton, wheat, and corn.

Texas is also the top producer of cattle, sheep, and goats, and their agricultural production contributes significantly to the state’s GDP.

Which state in the USA has the most fertile soil?

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the state with the most fertile soil in the United States is Iowa. The state has a long history of growing corn, soybeans, and other crops, and its soil is highly productive and of high quality. Iowa’s deep, fertile soils, combined with its mild climate, make the state ideal for agriculture. The state also benefits from its location in the middle of the Corn Belt, providing access to major markets for the products grown in Iowa. The state’s soil is rich in nutrients, and its vast acreage makes it well-suited for a variety of crops. The fertile soils of Iowa have provided a reliable source of income for farmers in the state for many years.

Why are farmers in us rich?

Farmers in the United States are considered rich and prosperous in comparison to other nations, owing to the country’s high production and technological advances. The US is among the most productive countries in the world when it comes to agricultural production, and this has enabled farmers to increase their yields and profits significantly. Additionally, government subsidies and support have also played a role in helping these farmers become more successful. Furthermore, the US is home to several large agribusinesses that have been able to benefit from economies of scale, allowing them to produce food at a much lower cost. Consequently, this has enabled American farmers to become financially secure and often quite wealthy.

Learn More

Do farmers own their land USA?

In the United States, land ownership rights are determined by the state in which the land is located. Generally, farmers do have the right to own and use the land they farm. Depending on the state, they may own it outright or may have long-term leases or licenses to use the land. In some states, there are restrictions on how long a farmer can own a specific piece of land and there may be regulations regarding who can own the land. Additionally, some states have programs that incentivize farmers to own lands, such as access to tax credits and other incentives. 

Ultimately, farmers in the United States have a variety of options when it comes to owning and using land, depending on the rules and regulations of their particular state.

Can foreigners buy farmland in the United States?

Foreign citizens must obtain permission from the U.S. Department of Agriculture before they can begin to purchase farmland. The department will review the applicant’s background and any proposed plans for the land before granting permission. Foreign citizens must provide proof of their financial ability to purchase and maintain the property. The purchase must also adhere to any existing laws and regulations that protect U.S. citizens from foreign purchases of farmland.

What are the cheapest states to farm in the USA?

The United States is a large country home to a variety of climates, land characteristics, and agricultural potential. As such, some states are better suited for farming than others, depending on the type of crops you would like to grow. For example, the Midwest states tend to be the cheapest due to their large flat tracts of land that are conducive to large-scale farming operations. These states include Iowa, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri.

In addition, the Great Plains states of North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma are also relatively inexpensive for farming, due to their large tracts of flat land and milder climates. In the Western states, Idaho, Utah, and Colorado also have large areas of flat land that are relatively inexpensive to farm.

The crop you are looking to grow can also have a major impact on the cost of farming in a particular state, so be sure to research what the local market conditions are like before committing to a state.

Learn More


Leave a Reply